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References
Phytochemical Info Center



Allium Vegetables
Anthocyanidins
Apigenin
Carotenoid
Catechin/Epicatechins
Ellagic Acid
Flavonoid
Hesperetin
Luteolin
Myricetin
Naringenin
Phytochemicals in Cruciferous Vegetables
Proanthocyanidins
Quercetin
Recent Reviews on Phytochemicals
Resveratrol


CAROTENOID References

Carotenoids and Cardiovascular Disease

  1. Rissanen TH, Voutilainen S, Nyyssonen K, Salonen R, Kaplan GA, Salonen JT. Serum lycopene concentrations and carotid atherosclerosis: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jan;77(1):133-8.


  2. Hak AE, Stampfer MJ, Campos H, Sesso HD, Gaziano JM, Willett W, Ma J. Plasma carotenoids and tocopherols and risk of myocardial infarction in a low-risk population of US male physicians. Circulation. 2003 Aug 19;108(7):802-7.


  3. Osganian SK, Stampfer MJ, Rimm E, Spiegelman D, Manson JE, Willett WC. Dietary carotenoids and risk of coronary artery disease in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jun;77(6):1390-1399.


  4. Sesso HD, Liu S, Gaziano JM, Buring JE. Dietary lycopene, tomato-based food products and cardiovascular disease in women. J Nutr. 2003 Jul;133(7):2336-41.


  5. Gianetti J, Pedrinelli R, Petrucci R, Lazzerini G, De Caterina M, Bellomo G, De Caterina R. Inverse association between carotid intima-media thickness and the antioxidant lycopene in atherosclerosis. Am Heart J. 2002 Mar;143(3):467-74.


  6. Chen J, He J, Hamm L, Batuman V, Whelton PK. Serum antioxidant vitamins and blood pressure in the United States population. Hypertension. 2002 Dec;40(6):810-6.


  7. Dwyer JH, Navab M, Dwyer KM, Hassan K, Sun P, Shircore A, Hama-Levy S, Hough G, Wang X, Drake T, Merz CN, Fogelman AM. Oxygenated carotenoid lutein and progression of early atherosclerosis: the Los Angeles atherosclerosis study. Circulation. 2001 Jun 19;103(24):2922-7.


  8. Gale CR, Ashurst HE, Powers HJ, Martyn CN. Antioxidant vitamin status and carotid atherosclerosis in the elderly. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Sep;74(3):402-8.


  9. Ford ES, Giles WH. Serum vitamins, carotenoids, and angina pectoris: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. Ann Epidemiol. 2000 Feb;10(2):106-16.


  10. Hirvonen T, Virtamo J, Korhonen P, Albanes D, Pietinen P. Intake of flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamins C and E, and risk of stroke in male smokers. Stroke. 2000 Oct;31(10):2301-6.


  11. Kohlmeier L, Kark JD, Gomez-Gracia E, Martin BC, Steck SE, Kardinaal AF, Ringstad J, Thamm M, Masaev V, Riemersma R, Martin-Moreno JM, Huttunen JK, Kok FJ. Lycopene and myocardial infarction risk in the EURAMIC Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Oct 15;146(8):618-26.


  12. Kristenson M, Zieden B, Kucinskiene Z, Elinder LS, Bergdahl B, Elwing B, Abaravicius A, Razinkoviene L, Calkauskas H, Olsson AG. Antioxidant state and mortality from coronary heart disease in Lithuanian and Swedish men: concomitant cross sectional study of men aged 50. BMJ. 1997 Mar 1;314(7081):629-33.
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Carotenoids and Cancer

  1. Kristal AR, Vitamin A, retinoids and carotenoids as chemopreventive agents for prostate cancer. J Urol. 2004;171:S54-8

  2. Yuan JM, Stram DO, Arakawa K, Lee HP, Yu MC. Dietary cryptoxanthin and reduced risk of lung cancer: the Singapore Chinese Health Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2003 Sep;12(9):890-8.


  3. Giovannucci E, Rimm EB, Liu Y, Stampfer MJ and Willet WC. A prospective study of tomato products, lycopene, and prostate cancer risk. J Natl Cancer Inst 2002; 94:391-8.


  4. Holick CN, Michaud DS, Stolzenberg-Solomon R, Mayne ST, Pietinen P, Taylor PR, Virtamo J, Albanes D. Dietary carotenoids, serum beta-carotene, and retinol and risk of lung cancer in the alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Sep 15;156(6):536-47.


  5. Cramer DW, Kuper H, Harlow BL, and Titus-Ernstoff. Carotenoids, antioxidants and ovarian cancer risk in pre- and postmenopausal women. Int J Cancer 2001; 94:128-134.


  6. Ngoan LT, Mizoue T, Fujino Y, Tokui N, and Yoshimura T. Dietary factors and stomach cancer mortality. Br J Cancer 2002; 87:37-42.


  7. Chen H, Tucker K, Graubard BI, Heineman EF, Markin S, Potischman NA, Russell RM, Weisenburger DD, and Ward MH. Nutrient intakes and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and distal stomach. Nutr Cancer 2002; 42:33-40.


  8. McCann SE, Moysich KB, and Mettlin C. Intakes of selected nutrients and food groups and risk of ovarian cancer. Nutr Cancer 2001; 39:19-28.


  9. Yuan JM, Ross RK, Chu XD, Gao YT, Yu MC. Prediagnostic levels of serum beta-cryptoxanthin and retinol predict smoking-related lung cancer risk in Shanghai, China. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2001 Jul;10(7):767-73.


  10. Bertone RE, Hankinson SE, Newcomb PA, Rosner B, Willett WC, Stampfer MJ, and Egan KM. A population-based case-control study of carotenoid and vitamin A intake and ovarian cancer (United States). Cancer Causes Control 2001; 12:83-90.


  11. Zeegers MP, Goldbohm RA, and van den Brandt PA. Are retinol, vitamin C, vitamin E, folate and carotenoids intake associated with bladder cancer risk? Results from the Netherlands Cohort Study. Br J Cancer 2001; 28:977-983.


  12. McCann SE, Freudenheim JL, Marshall JR, Brasure JR, Swanson MK, Graham S. Diet in the epidemiology of endometrial cancer in Western New York (United States). Cancer Causes Control 2000;11:965-974.


  13. Terry P, Lagergren J, Ye W, Nyrén O, and Wolk A. Antioxidants and cancers of the esophagus and gastric cardia. Int J Cancer 2000;87:750-754.


  14. Ekström AM, Serafini M, Nyrén O, Hansson L-E, Ye W, and Wolk A. Dietary antioxidant intake and the risk of cardia cancer and noncardia cancer of the intestinal and diffuse types: a population-based, case-control study in Sweden. Int J Cancer 2000;87:133-40.


  15. Michaud DS, Feskanich D, Rimm EB, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Willett WC, Giovannucci E. Intake of specific carotenoids and risk of lung cancer in 2 prospective US cohorts. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Oct;72(4):990-7.
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Carotenoids and Age-related Eye Diseases

  1. Richer S, Stiles W, Statkute L, Pulido J, Frankowski J, Rudy D, Pei K, Tsipursky M, Nyland J. Double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial). Optometry. 2004 Apr;75(4):216-30.


  2. Sies H, Stahl W, Polidori MC. Oxidative Stress: antioxidants in degenerative neurological and ophthalmological disorders. In: Genetic Expression and Nutrition. Bachmann C, Koletzko B (Eds.). Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series, Pediatric Program, Vol. 50. Nestec Ltd., Vevey/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2003, pp 107-18.


  3. Landrum JT, Bone RA, Herrero C. Astaxanthin, ß-cryptoxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin. IN: Meskin MS et al, eds. Phytochemicals in Nutrition and Health. Boca Raton: CRC, 2002, pp 173-91.


  4. Chasan-Taber L, Willett WC, Seddon JM, Stampfer MJ, Rosner B, Colditz GA, Speizer FE, Hankinson SE. A prospective study of carotenoid and vitamin A intakes and risk of cataract extraction in US women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Oct;70(4):509-16.


  5. Brown L, Rimm EB, Seddon JM, Giovannucci EL, Chasan-Taber L, Spiegelman D, Willett WC, Hankinson SE. A prospective study of carotenoid intake and risk of cataract extraction in US men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Oct;70(4):517-24.
Index   Back to previous page

Carotenoids and Lung Health/Asthma

  1. Harik-Khan RI, Muller DC, Wise RA. Serum vitamin levels and the risk of asthma in children.Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Feb 15;159(4):351-7.


  2. Schunemann HJ, Grant BJ, Freudenheim JL, Muti P, Browne RW, Drake JA, Klocke RA, Trevisan M. The relation of serum levels of antioxidant vitamins C and E, retinol and carotenoids with pulmonary function in the general population. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001 Apr;163(5):1246-55.

Index   Back to previous page

FLAVONOID References

Flavonoids and Cardiovascular Disease

  1. Mennen LI, Sapinho D, De Bree A, Arnault N, Bertrais S, Galan P, Hercberg S. Consumption of foods rich in flavonoids is related to a decreased cardiovascular risk in apparently healthy French women. J Nutr. 2004 Apr;134(4):923-6.


  2. Sesso HD, Gaziano JM, Liu S, Buring JE. Flavonoid intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jun;77(6):1400-8.


  3. Knekt P, Kumpulainen J, Jarvinen R, Rissanen H, Heliovaara M, Reunanen A, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A. Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Sep;76(3):560-8.


  4. Hirvonen T, Pietinen P, Virtanen M, Ovaskainen ML, Hakkinen S, Albanes D, Virtamo J. Intake of flavonols and flavones and risk of coronary heart disease in male smokers. Epidemiology. 2001 Jan;12(1):62-7.


  5. Knekt P, Jarvinen R, Reunanen A, Maatela J. Flavonoid intake and coronary mortality in Finland: a cohort study. BMJ. 1996 Feb 24;312(7029):478-81.


  6. Hertog MG, Feskens EJ, Hollman PC, Katan MB, Kromhout D. Dietary antioxidant flavonoids and risk of coronary heart disease: the Zutphen Elderly Study.Lancet. 1993 Oct 23;342(8878):1007-11.
Index   Back to previous page

Flavonoids and Cancer

  1. Mennen LI, Sapinho D, De Bree A, Arnault N, Bertrais S, Galan P, Hercberg S. Consumption of foods rich in flavonoids is related to a decreased cardiovascular risk in apparently healthy French women. J Nutr. 2004 Apr;134(4):923-6.


  2. Naasani I, Oh-Hashi F, Oh-Hara T, Feng WY, Johnston J, Chan K, Tsuruo T. Blocking telomerase by dietary polyphenols is a major mechanism for limiting the growth of human cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Cancer Res. 2003 Feb 15;63(4):824-30.


  3. Vanharanta M, Voutilainen S, Rissanen TH, Adlercreutz H and Salonen JT. Risk of cardiovascular disease-related and all-cause death according to serum concentrations of enterolactone: Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Arch Intern Med 2003; 163:1099-1104.


  4. Martin S, Favot L, Matz R, Lugnier C, Andriantsitohaina R. Delphinidin inhibits endothelial cell proliferation and cell cycle progression through a transient activation of ERK-1/-2. Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Feb 15;65(4):669-75.


  5. Peterson J, Lagiou P, Samoli E, Lagiou A, Katsouyanni K, La Vecchia C, Dwyer J, Trichopoulos D. Flavonoid intake and breast cancer risk: a case--control study in Greece. Br J Cancer. 2003 Oct 6;89(7):1255-9.


  6. Malin AS, Qi D, Shu XO, Gao YT, Friedmann JM, Jin F, Zheng W. Intake of fruits, vegetables and selected micronutrients in relation to the risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer. 2003 Jun 20;105(3):413-8.


  7. Olsen A, Tjonneland A, Thomsen BL, Loft S, Stripp C, Overvad K, Moller S, Olsen JH. Fruits and vegetables intake differentially affects estrogen receptor negative and positive breast cancer incidence rates. J Nutr. 2003 Jul;133(7):2342-7.


  8. Singh RP, Dhanalakshmi S, Agarwal R. Phytochemicals as cell cycle modulators--a less toxic approach in halting human cancers. Cell Cycle. 2002 May-Jun;1(3):156-61.


  9. Rosenberg Zand RS, Jenkins DJ, Diamandis EP. Flavonoids and steroid hormone-dependent cancers. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2002 Sep 25;777(1-2):219-32.


  10. Knekt P, Kumpulainen J, Jarvinen R, Rissanen H, Heliovaara M, Reunanen A, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A. Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Sep;76(3):560-8.


  11. Pietinen P, Stumpf K, Mannisto S, Kataja V, Uusitupa M, Adlercreutz H. Serum enterolactone and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in eastern Finland. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2001 Apr;10(4):339-44.


  12. Smith-Warner SA, Spiegelman D, Yaun SS, Adami HO, Beeson WL, van den Brandt PA et al. Intake of fruits and vegetables and risk of breast cancer: a pooled analysis of cohort studies. JAMA. 2001 Feb 14;285(6):769-76.


  13. Morrow DM, Fitzsimmons PE, Chopra M, McGlynn H. Dietary supplementation with the anti-tumour promoter quercetin: its effects on matrix metalloproteinase gene regulation. Mutat Res. 2001 Sep 1;480-481:269-76.


  14. Nijveldt RJ, van Nood E, van Hoorn DE, Boelens PG, van Norren K, van Leeuwen PA. Flavonoids: a review of probable mechanisms of action and potential applications.Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Oct;74(4):418-25.


  15. Arts IC, Hollman PC, Bueno De Mesquita HB, Feskens EJ, and Kromhout D. Dietary catechins and epithelial cancer incidence: the Zutphen elderly study. Int J Cancer 2001; 92:298-302.


  16. Hirvonen T, Virtamo J, Korhonen P, Albanes D, and Pietinen P. Flavonol and flavone intake and the risk of cancer in male smokers (Finland). Cancer Causes Control 2001; 12:789-796.


  17. Gandini S, Merzenich H, Robertson C, Boyle P. Meta-analysis of studies on breast cancer risk and diet: the role of fruit and vegetable consumption and the intake of associated micronutrients. Eur J Cancer. 2000 Mar;36(5):636-46.


  18. Kasai H, Fukada S, Yamaizumi Z, Sugie S, Mori H. Action of chlorogenic acid in vegetables and fruits as an inhibitor of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine formation in vitro and in a rat carcinogenesis model. Food Chem Toxicol. 2000 May;38(5):467-71.


  19. Lampe JW. Health effects of vegetables and fruit: assessing mechanisms of action in human experimental studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep;70(3 Suppl):475S-490S.


  20. Djuric Z, Depper JB, Uhley V, Smith D, Lababidi S, Martino S, Heilbrun LK. Oxidative DNA damage levels in blood from women at high risk for breast cancer are associated with dietary intakes of meats, vegetables, and fruits. J Am Diet Assoc. 1998 May;98(5):524-8.


  21. Steinmetz KA, Potter JD. Vegetables, fruit, and cancer prevention: a review. J Am Diet Assoc. 1996; 96:1027-1039.


  22. Freudenheim JL, Marshall JR, Vena JE, Laughlin R, Brasure JR, Swanson MK, Nemoto T, Graham S. Premenopausal breast cancer risk and intake of vegetables, fruits, and related nutrients. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1996 Mar 20;88(6):340-8.
Index   Back to previous page

Flavonoids and Lung Health/Asthma

  1. Woods RK, Walters EH, Raven JM, Wolfe R, Ireland PD, Thien FC, Abramson MJ. Food and nutrient intakes and asthma risk in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3):414-21.


  2. Knekt P, Kumpulainen J, Jarvinen R, Rissanen H, Heliovaara M, Reunanen A, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A. Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Sep;76(3):560-8.


  3. Shaheen SO, Sterne JA, Thompson RL, Songhurst CE, Margetts BM, and Burney PG. Dietary antioxidants and asthma in adults: a population-based case-control study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 1823-1828.


  4. Narayana KR, Reddy MS, Chaluvadi MR, Krishna DR. Bioflavonoids classification, pharmacological, biochemical, and therapeutic potential. Indian J Pharmacol 2001; 33:2-16
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Myricetin References

  1. Lopez-Lazaro M, Martin-Cordero C, Toro MV, Ayuso MJ. Flavonoids as DNA topoisomerase I poisons. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2002 Feb;17(1):25-9.


  2. Ong KC, Khoo HE. Effects of myricetin on glycemia and glycogen metabolism in diabetic rats. Life Sci. 2000 Aug 25;67(14):1695-705.


  3. Hiermann A, Schramm HW, Laufer S. Anti-inflammatory activity of myricetin-3-O-beta-D-glucuronide and related compounds. Inflamm Res. 1998 Nov;47(11):421-7.
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Quercetin References

  1. Mertens-Talcott SU, Talcott ST, Percival SS. Low concentrations of quercetin and ellagic acid synergistically influence proliferation, cytotoxicity and apoptosis in MOLT-4 human leukemia cells. J Nutr. 2003 Aug;133(8):2669-74.


  2. van der Woude H, Gliszczynska-Swiglo A, Struijs K, Smeets A, Alink GM, Rietjens IM. Biphasic modulation of cell proliferation by quercetin at concentrations physiologically relevant in humans. Cancer Lett. 2003 Oct 8;200(1):41-7.


  3. Sampson L, Rimm E, Hollman PC, de Vries JH, Katan MB. Flavonol and flavone intakes in US health professionals. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002 Oct;102(10):1414-20.


  4. Knekt P, Kumpulainen J, Jarvinen R, Rissanen H, Heliovaara M, Reunanen A, Hakulinen T, Aromaa A. Flavonoid intake and risk of chronic diseases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Sep;76(3):560-8.


  5. Dubick MA. Wine polyphenols and protection from atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease: drink to your health? IN: Meskin MS et al, eds. Phytochemicals in Nutrition and Health. Boca Raton: CRC, 2002, pp 41-60.


  6. Morrow DM, Fitzsimmons PE, Chopra M, McGlynn H. Dietary supplementation with the anti-tumour promoter quercetin: its effects on matrix metalloproteinase gene regulation. Mutat Res. 2001 Sep 1;480-481:269-76.


  7. Anon. Quercetin. Alt Med Rev 1998; 3(2):14-143.


  8. Leake DS. The possible role of antioxidants in fruit and vegetables in protecting against coronary artery disease. IN: Tomas- Barberan FA, Robins RJ (Eds). Phytochemistry of Fruit and Vegetables. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 287-311.


  9. Hertog MGL, Van Peppel G, Verhoeven D. Potentially anticarcinogenic secondary metabolites from fruits and vegetables. IN: Tomas- Barberan FA, Robins RJ (Eds). Phytochemistry of Fruit and Vegetables. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 313-329.
Index   Back to previous page

Apigenin References

  1. Birt DF, Wang W, Paiva N, Au A, Chung C, Schmitt L, Jiang Y. Cancer prevention by phytochemicals, modulation of cell cycle. IN: Meskin MS et al. (eds). Phytochemicals: Mechanisms of Action. Boca Raton: CRC, 2003 pp. 61-77.


  2. Lin J. Cancer chemoprevention by phytopolyphenols including flavonoids and flavonoids through modulating signal transduction pathways. IN: Meskin MS et al. (eds). Phytochemicals: Mechanisms of Action. Boca Raton: CRC, 2003 pp. 79-106.


  3. Hendrich S, Wang G, Lin H, Xu X, Tew B, Wang H, Murphy PA. Isoflavone metabolism and bioavailability. IN: Papas AM (Ed). Antioxidant Status, Diet, Nutrition, and Health. Boca Raton: CRC, 1999, pp 211-230.
Index   Back to previous page

Luteolin References

  1. Ueda H, Yamazaki C, Yamazaki M. A hydroxyl group of flavonoids affects oral anti-inflammatory activity and inhibition of systemic tumor necrosis factor-alpha production. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2004 Jan;68(1):119-25.


  2. Zhang S, Qin C, Safe SH. Flavonoids as aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists/antagonists: effects of structure and cell context. Environ Health Perspect. 2003 Dec;111(16):1877-82.


  3. Das M, Ram A, Ghosh B. Luteolin alleviates bronchoconstriction and airway hyperreactivity in ovalbumin sensitized mice. Inflamm Res. 2003 Mar;52(3):101-6.


  4. Andrikopoulos NK, Kaliora AC, Assimopoulou AN, Papageorgiou VP. Inhibitory activity of minor polyphenolic and nonpolyphenolic constituents of olive oil against in vitro low-density lipoprotein oxidation. J Med Food. 2002 Spring;5(1):1-7.


  5. Shimoi K, Saka N, Nozawa R, Sato M, Amano I, Nakayama T, Kinae N. Deglucuronidation of a flavonoid, luteolin monoglucuronide, during inflammation. Drug Metab Dispos. 2001 Dec;29:1521-4.


  6. Shimoi K, Saka N, Kaji K, Nozawa R, Kinae N. Metabolic fate of luteolin and its functional activity at focal site. Biofactors. 2000;12(1-4):181-6.


  7. Kim JS, Kwon CS, Son KH. Inhibition of alpha-glucosidase and amylase by luteolin, a flavonoid. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2000 Nov;64(11):2458-61.
Index   Back to previous page

Hesperetin References

  1. Rotelli AE, Guardia T, Juarez AO, de la Rocha NE, Pelzer LE. Comparative study of flavonoids in experimental models of inflammation. Pharmacol Res. 2003 Dec;48(6):601-6.


  2. Ohtsuki K, Abe A, Mitsuzuwi H, Kondo M, Uemura K, Iwasaki Y, Kondo Y. Effects of long-term administration of hesperidin and glucosyl hesperidin to spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2002 Oct;48(5):420-2.


  3. Olszanecki R, Gebska A, Kozlovski VI, Gryglewski RJ. Flavonoids and nitric oxide synthase.J Physiol Pharmacol. 2002 Dec;53(4 Pt 1):571-84.


  4. Kurowska EM, Manthey JA. Regulation of lipoprotein metabolism in HepG2 cells by citrus flavonoids. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2002;505:173-9.


  5. Manthey JA. Biological properties of flavonoids pertaining to inflammation. Microcirculation 2000;7(6 Pt 2):S29-34
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Naringenin References

  1. Bugianesi R, Catasta G, Spigno P, D'Uva A, Maiani G. Naringenin from cooked tomato paste is bioavailable in men. J Nutr. 2002 Nov;132(11):3349-52.


  2. Ho PC, Saville DJ, Wanwimolruk S. Inhibition of human CYP3A4 activity by grapefruit flavonoids, furanocoumarins and related compounds. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2001 Sep-Dec;4(3):217-27.
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Catechin/Epicatechins References

  1. Arts IC, Jacobs DR Jr, Gross M, Harnack LJ, Folsom AR. Dietary catechins and cancer incidence among postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2002 May;13(4):373-82.


  2. Mukamal KJ, Maclure M, Muller JE, Sherwood JB, Mittleman MA. Tea consumption and mortality after acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2002 May 28;105(21):2476-81.


  3. McKay DL, Blumberg JB. The role of tea in human health: an update. J Am Coll Nutr. 2002 Feb;21(1):1-13.


  4. Arts IC, Jacobs DR Jr, Harnack LJ, Gross M, Folsom AR. Dietary catechins in relation to coronary heart disease death among postmenopausal women. Epidemiology. 2001 Nov;12(6):668-75.


  5. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and intake of catechins, flavonols, and flavones: the MORGEN Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001 Jul 1;164(1):61-4.


  6. Wan Y, Vinson JA, Etherton TD, Proch J, Lazarus SA, Kris-Etherton PM. Effects of cocoa powder and dark chocolate on LDL oxidative susceptibility and prostaglandin concentrations in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Nov;74(5):596-602.


  7. Riemersma RA, Rice-Evans CA, Tyrrell RM, Clifford MN, Lean ME. Tea flavonoids and cardiovascular health. QJM. 2001 May;94(5):277-82.


  8. Duffy SJ, Keaney JF Jr, Holbrook M, Gokce N, Swerdloff PL, Frei B, Vita JA. Short- and long-term black tea consumption reverses endothelial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation. 2001 Jul 10;104(2):151-6.


  9. Trichopoulou A, Lagiou P, Papas AM. Mediterranean diet: are antioxidants central to its benefits? IN: Papas AM (Ed). Antioxidant Status, Diet, Nutrition, and Health. Boca Raton: CRC, 1999, pp. 107-118.


  10. Leake DS. The possible role of antioxidants in fruit and vegetables in protecting against coronary artery disease. IN: Tomas- Barberan FA, Robins RJ (Eds). Phytochemistry of Fruit and Vegetables. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 287-311.
Index   Back to previous page

Anthocyanidins References

  1. Prior R. Absorption and metabolism of anthocyanins: potential health effects. IN: Phytochemicals: Mechanisms of Action. Boca Raton: CRC, 2003 pp. 1-19.


  2. Camire ME. Phytochemicals in the Vaccinium family: bilberries, blueberries, and cranberries. IN: Meskin MS et al, eds. Phytochemicals in Nutrition and Health. Boca Raton: CRC, 2002, pp 19-40.

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Resveratrol References

  1. Donnelly LE, Newton R, Kennedy GE, Fenwick PS, Leung RH, Ito K, Russell RE, Barnes PJ. Anti-inflammatory effects of resveratrol in lung epithelial cells: molecular mechanisms. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Oct;287(4):L774-83


  2. Lin JK & Tsai SH. Chemoprevention of cancer and cardiovascular disease by resveratrol. Proc Natl Sci Counc ROC(B) 1999;23(3):99-106.


  3. Folt JD. Antithrombobotic potential of grape juice and red wine for preventing heart attacks (human studies). Pharm Biol 1998;36:21-27.
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Proanthocyanidins References

  1. Steinberg F, Bearden MM, Keen CL. Cocoa and chocolate flavonoids: Implications for cardiovascular health. J Am Diet Assoc 2003;103:215-23.


  2. Howell AB. Cranberry proanthocyanidins and the maintenenace of urinary tract health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2002;42(3 Suppl):273-8.


  3. Reed J. Cranberry flavonoids, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular health. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2002;42(3 Suppl):301-316.


  4. Bagchi D, Bagchi M, Stohs SJ, Das DK, Ray SD, Kuszynski CA, Joshi SS, Pruess HG. Free radicals and grape seed proanthocyanidin extract: importance in human health and disease prevention. Toxicology 2000;148(2-3);187-97.


  5. Scalbert A, Deprez S, Mila I, Albrecht AM, Huneau JF, Rabot S. Proanthocyanidins and human health: systemic effects and local effects in the gut. Biofactors 2000;13;115-120.
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Ellagic Acid Reference

  1. Hannum SM. Potential impact of strawberries on human health: a review of the science. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2004;44(1):1-17.
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Allium Vegetables References

  1. Bianchini F &b Vainio H. Allium vegetables and organosulfur compounds:do they help prevent cancer? Environ Health Perspect 2001;109:893-902.


  2. Borek C. Antioxidant health effects of aged garlic extract. J Nutr 2201;131:1010S-1015S.
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Phytochemicals in Cruciferous Vegetables

  1. Thomson CA, Green TL. Cruciferous vegetables and cancer prevention. In: Watson RR, ed. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals in Cancer Prevention. Ames, IA Iowa State Press;2003;55-86.


  2. Talalay P & Fahey JW. Phytochemicals from cruciferous plants protect against cancer by modulating carcinogen metabolism. J Nutr. 2001;131:3027S-33S.
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Recent Reviews on Phytochemicals

  1. Manach C, Williamson G, Morand C, Scalbert A, and Remesy C. Bioavailability and bioefficacy of polyphenols in humans: I-a review of 97 bioavailability studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 80s, 2004, in press.


  2. Williamson G, and Manach C. Bioavailability and bioefficacy studies of polyphenols in humans. II. Review of 93 intervention studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 80s, 2004, in press.


  3. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Functional Foods. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004;104:814-26.


  4. Liu RH. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. Am J Clin Nutr 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl):517S-20S.


  5. Hu FB. Plant-based foods and prevention of cardiovascular disease: an overview. Am J Clin Nutr 2003 Sep;78(3 Suppl)544S-51S.


  6. Kris-Etherton PM, Hecker KD, Bonanome A, Coval SM, Binkoski AE, Hilpert KF, Griel AE, Etherton TD. Bioactive compounds in foods: their role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Am J Med 2002;113(9B):71S-88S.
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This list is comprised of selected references that describe the role of phytochemicals in disease prevention.

 

For more information on PBH Research, please contact PBH's Elizabeth Pivonka.

 

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